Landscape Designers Can Make a Difference

Landscape designs

Landscape design combines the essential elements of art and science to create a functional, aesthetically pleasing extension of indoor living to the outdoors. It is a part of landscape architecture and allows space and design to reflect creativity. Completely a man made exercise, the purpose of landscape design is to blend technology with nature. To become a landscape designer one must have a working knowledge of art elements and design principles.

Though an architectural field, landscape design has a special aesthetic value. Elements of art include but are not limited to color, line, form, texture and scale. These elements are never independent of each other, but their individual natures should be dealt with care before considering the interactions.

Landscape design is a multi-disciplinary field, including within its fold mathematics, science, engineering, art, technology, social sciences, politics, history, philosophy. Color, line, form, texture and scale are tools which are used in combinations to adjust design the landscape. Design principles include unity, balance, transition, focalization, proportion, rhythm, repetition and simplicity. All these principles interact to yield the intended landscape design.

The landscape designer essentially works on:

o The form, scale and citing of new developments

o Public parks, greenways, golf courses, theme parks and sports facilities

o Housing areas, industrial parks and commercial developments

o Urban design, town and city squares, and pedestrian schemes

o Large or small urban regeneration schemes

o Forest, tourist or historic landscapes, and historic garden appraisal and conservation studies

o Environmental assessment and landscape assessment, planning advice and land management proposals.

o Coastal and offshore developments

The key steps in landscape design are:

o Develop a plot plan.

o Conduct a site analysis.

o Assess family needs and desires.

o Locate activity areas.

o Design activity areas.

o Plant selection and placement.

Important in landscape design:

o Unity is obtained by the effective use of components in a design to express a main idea through consistent style. It is emphasized by consistency of character between units in the landscape. Use of elements to express a specific theme within units creates harmony in landscape design.

o Balance is also needed. It refers to the equilibrium or equality of visual attraction. Symmetrical balance is achieved when one side of the design is a mirror image of the other side. There is a distinct dividing line between the two sides. Equal lines, forms, textures or colors are on each side of a symmetrical landscape design.

o Colors are combined into color schemes for practical applications. Three basic color schemes are monochromatic, analogous and complementary. A monochromatic color scheme consists of different tints and shades of one color and is seldom achieved in its pure form in the landscape design.

o A line is maintained in landscape design with the height of the plants that have been planted. In the overall landscape, line is inferred by bed arrangement and the way these beds fit or flow together.

o The size of the area is to be kept in mind for a definite landscape design.

Landscape designers and Landscape technicians or engineers are employed with landscape construction and service companies. Landscape designers, like garden designers, design all types of planting and green spaces. With rapid modern urbanization, landscape design is fast gaining momentum.

Landscape Design Plans – The Foundation of Unique Outdoor Living Space

Landscape design plans are critical to any beautiful outdoor area. These detailed diagrams contain all the information needed to construct and install the landscape of your dreams, including scaled representation of everything within your property. Your design plan will illustrate the size of your property, as well as any special terrain features, and will display existing structures, existing hardscape designs, and plants and trees that will remain in your outdoor space.

Creating Design Plans

Some homeowners use special software programs to help produce an accurate, detailed landscape design plan, while others attempt to draw the plans by hand based on a plot map. There are a number of free design plans that can aid in the process as well, but the best way to get a professional and precise plan is to hire the services of a professional designer.

There are many different elements within a complete landscape design. Specialty designs, like lighting or irrigation, are typically illustrated with a separate plan. Swimming pool design, hardscapes, and even planting layouts each have their own design plan as well. Your plan set may include just one or two types of designs or could contain several, depending on exactly what your landscape design entails.

Types of Landscape Design Plans

  • Plot plans are the foundation of every other design plan for your yard. Extremely precise, these topography charts are usually obtained from a surveyor to ensure accuracy. Plot plans map out the existing structures and land elements on your property, including:
    • Accurate property lines, adjacent roads, driveways and sidewalks, walls, and fencing.
    • Buildings, storage sheds, your house, and other elements that may interfere with your design, like a play set or heating unit.
    • Natural features, including slopes, drainage issues, and both natural and man-made water elements.
  • Concept plans are the master design plans that bring everything together into a single diagram. Also called a site plan, this design is typically in AutoCAD format, but may be drawn by hand, and is often a resource used by contractors to develop an estimate on installation.
  • Elevation plans are typically integrated into other landscape design plans to provide more detail on vertical features. Structures like gazebos, walls, and fireplaces can be seen more clearly to ensure a more accurate installation.
  • Hardscape plans are often found within the concept plan but can be illustrated in a separate design plan as well. These plans are important for precise installation measurements on sidewalks, drives, fencing, and other structural landscaping elements. The appropriate materials, colors, and related details are outlined on the plan as well.
  • Planting plans are extremely detailed instructions for the installation of the vegetation within your landscape design. Using symbols and a comprehensive legend, the exact location of each plant is noted and the types of planting materials required are clearly stated. Planting plans can include shrubbery, hedges, flower beds, trees, and any other vegetation in your outdoor area.
  • Irrigation plans are not a part of every landscape design and are often integrated into an existing outdoor design. These plans include the layout of piping and the placement of sprinkler heads, helpful illustrations, and details on the necessary parts and equipment for installation.
  • Drainage plans are necessary parts of many landscape designs to eliminate excess water after a rain. These plans are also quite detailed, containing measurements on the exact grade needed and information on the best materials.
  • Lighting plans are optional as well, but are usually seen in most high-end outdoor designs. Illustrations and diagrams detail the types of lighting fixtures, along with their placement and positioning throughout the yard. Wiring and installation instructions are outlined and special lighting techniques are also noted.

There are many different things involved in creating a beautiful outdoor plan that blends with your home while reflecting your own personality. Every design plan begins with an accurate plot plan and can include nearly any outdoor feature you can imagine. A number of contractors can provide you with professional landscape design plans as well as quality installations for a convenient way to give your outdoor space just the right look.

Landscape Design

Landscape design is an important aspect of designing your property. If you have land surrounding your house, you can plan and design a beautiful landscape to give you extra living space or add aesthetics to the building. Landscape design can be done for homes, public places and corporate establishments. A well-designed landscape can enhance the value of the property.

Before going in for landscape design, plan and work out the design in detail. If you can visualize your plan using software, it can give you a good idea of how the landscape will look. The landscape should merge well with the building around it. You can use a formal style, informal style, English garden, or an Oriental or woodland look, depending on the architecture and look of the main building. Then prioritize what functional this landscape design should serve. It can be a new area for play or leisure, to block sun, wind or street noises, or to improve the look of the property.

Analyze your site to see how you can implement your ideas. Decide on the plants, statues, steps and lighting you will need. Finally, see that your plan matches the climate of the area as well as your budget. Looking into all the details beforehand can save you lots of effort and money in trying out various ideas.

If you cannot handle this task on your own, you could hire a landscape designer. Or, if you have enough interest in the subject, you could learn all the tactics in a landscape designing course. On the Internet there is vast information on landscape designing available, if you want to put in the time and effort. There are lots of forums and associations of landscape design that have come up to bring together people to share views and experiences on landscape designs. Whatever way you go, it is better to go in for such a plan that involves minimal use of pesticides in the long run and does not require a great deal of maintenance.